Mi Flash XBL Error Workarounds

Hi MIUI Super Fans! This page covers some workarounds to fix the XBL Error issue found when flashing MIUI Fastboot ROM using Mi Flash tool. Xiaomi phones such as Redmi Note 5 Pro/AI/Global (whyred), Redmi 5/5Plus, Mi 8, Mi 6X, Mi 5S, Redmi Note 4X, and Redmi 5A are found as some devices known to encounter such issue. There is no exact information on what caused such an issue. Therefore, based on what has been reported on the Internet, we summarized some possible workarounds that work based on a specific reason.

A certain workaround may not work on your device but it may work on another device. Yet, the result may vary among phone’s users. We encourage you to try another if one did not work for you.

Flashing MIUI ROM should be easy but sometimes it gets a little bit tricky, flashing MIUI Fastboot ROM particularly. Adding a new level of difficulty is the newly introduced Anti-rollback Protection. The security mechanism brings great potency of a semi hard-brick state. A broken device caused by ARB Protection cannot be recovered through simple Fastboot flashing.

Mi Flash XBL Error Workarounds 1

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Behind Mi Flash XBL Error

There are many things known as the trigger of such problem on Mi Flash:

  • Downloaded a wrong incompatible ROM file.
  • The bootloader is still locked.
  • A fake MIUI ROM was used previously.
  • The ROM file is corrupt due to either improper decompressing or corrupted download.
  • Trying to downgrade an ARB-enabled device: such as Redmi Note 5, Mi 8, and Mi 6X.

Possible Workarounds

Try one of the following solutions to solve the Mi Flash Tool XBL Error:

  1. Double-check the ROM file you have downloaded. Make sure it is the correct build of the MIUI released specifically for your phone variant. How to check it? Each release of Fastboot ROM has the device codename within its file name. Check your device codename (find out here) and check the filename again. For instance, Redmi Note 5 Global/Pro has a codename Whyred. The ROM .tgz file should also have whyred as the component of the filename. You may need to download the file again if you found it is different.
  2. Unpack/decompress the ROM file again. Assuming you have the proper ROM file for your device. Trying to decompress/unpack the tgz file again may sometimes help you. There is a situation when a decompressing process partially completed.
  3. Make sure your bootloader has been unlocked. Flashing through a Fastboot interface using Mi Flash tool requires the phone bootloader being unlocked officially. Read our previous guide on how to get it done as pie.
  4. The bootloader is unlocked but you are on a fake ROM. This is the trickiest yet the easiest to solve even after switching back from a custom ROM. Thanks to Xiaomitool, an easy-to-use software to conveniently flash any MIUI ROM. Switching between ROM variants would be easy.
  5. If you are trying to flash an MIUI ROM on ARB-enabled devices, please make sure that you have double-checked the ARB Index of the ROM you are going to flash. Make sure it has similar or lower version of ARB index. Otherwise, it will fail for sure.
  6. Make sure the folder of where you have extracted the ROM files is inside a folder if the root directory.
  7. Old Xiaomi devices, such as Redmi 3S and Redmi 4/4X/4A, try using any older versions of Mi Flash tool. Employing a version released in the same year as device release year is recommended.
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There are also some general workarounds you may also try. These are not specific to XBL Error but usually works on general Mi Flash error:

  1. Try using different USB data cable. Make sure it is a data cable and not a charging-only cable.
  2. Use different USB port in your computer. While USB 3.0 may work, USB 2.0 is more standard.
  3. Also, try installing the latest version of Android Platform Tools. Hence, your computer will have the updated version of ADB and Fastboot drivers.
  4. Try reinstalling Mi Flash tool using this sequence: uninstall the tool > disable Driver Signature Enforcement > reinstall the tool.

Advanced Solution

None of those work? There is still the ultimate solution to help you accomplish your purpose which is installing the version of MIUI ROM you want.

Scenario #1: If you have access to the bootloader/fastboot mode.

  1. Unlock your phone bootloader.
  2. Download the version of MIUI Recovery ROM (zip) you wish to install. Make sure it is the appropriate version for your device.
  3. Transfer the zip file to your phone.
  4. Download TWRP image file depending on your device type.
  5. ARB-enabled device needs to download Anti-rollback Bypasser.
  6. Download Magisk if you want to root, or use Lazyflasher if you don’t want a root.
  7. Flash TWRP on your device. ARB devices can follow the same sequence of Redmi Note 5 here that requires to flash Bypasser first.
  8. Flash Magisk or Lazyflasher. You need to do this to avoid bootloop.
  9. Flash MIUI Recovery ROM through TWRP.

Scenario #2: Without access to Fastboot mode.

This is the trickiest one.

  1. Reboot your phone to EDL Mode or Test-point Mode.
  2. Flash MIUI fastboot ROM (tgz) again through Mi Flash tool.
  3. Alternatively, you can flash the ROM file through Qualcomm Flashing Tool.

It may sound simple but rebooting to EDL mode using the Test-Point method is not a piece of cake.

Which one worked for you? Share your experience in the comment section below.


7 thoughts on “Mi Flash XBL Error Workarounds”

  1. I was trying to flash my xiaomi and verify all the steps described. I realized 2 things. It did not work on the cable (it was not the original) and also was not in port 2.0. Then I also realized that the “path” of the folder from where the flasher grabs the ROM “should not have spaces” and should be as short as possible. With this corrected I was able to flash my Redmi Note 5 Pro correctly, since I had Havoc OS: D Thank you!

  2. My Phone’s bootloader is locked, and now it’s hang on in mi logo! I can’t open or flash because can’t find any way to flash without unlocked bootloader..

    What should i do now!

  3. C:\Program Files (x86)\Minimal ADB and Fastboot>fastboot flash recovery twrp-3.2.3-2-whyred.img
    target reported max download size of 536870912 bytes
    sending ‘recovery’ (36616 KB)…
    OKAY [ 1.420s]
    writing ‘recovery’…
    FAILED (remote: Error flashing partition : Write Protected)
    finished. total time: 1.509s

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